Adjustment IntervalThe length of time between changes in the interest rate or monthly payment on an ARM loan. Agreement of SaleContract signed by buyer and seller stating the terms and conditions under which a property will be sold.
Alternative DocumentationA method of documenting a loan file that relies on information that the borrower is likely to be able to provide instead of waiting on verification sent to third parties for confirmation of statements made in the application. Amortization ScheduleA timetable for payment of a mortgage showing the amount of each payment applied to interest and principal and the remaining balance.
Amount FinancedThis figure is used to calculate your APR. It represents your loan amount minus any prepaid finance charges and assumes you will keep the loan to maturity and make only the required monthly payments.
Annual Percentage Rate (APR)There are two interest rates applied to your loan: the Actual Interest Rate and the Annual Percentage Rate. The Actual Rate is the annual interest rate you pay on your loan (sometimes referred to as the “note rate”), and is the rate used to calculate your monthly payments. The amount of interest you pay, as determined by your Actual Rate, is only one of the costs associated with your loan; there may be others. The Annual Percentage Rate (APR) includes both your interest and any additional costs or prepaid finance charges you might pay such as prepaid interest, private mortgage insurance, closing fees, points, etc. Your APR represents the total cost of credit on a yearly basis after all charges are taken into consideration. It will usually be slightly higher than your Actual Rate because it includes these additional items and assumes you will keep the loan to maturity.
Application FeeFee charged by a lender to cover the initial costs of processing a loan application. The fee may include the cost of obtaining a property appraisal, a credit report, and a lock-in fee or other closing costs incurred during the process or the fee may be in addition to these charges.
AppraisalAn appraisal is a written analysis of the estimated value of your property. A qualified appraiser who has knowledge, experience and insight into the marketplace prepares the document. It demonstrates approximate fair market value based on recent sales in your neighborhood and is required to purchase or refinance your new home or property.
Appraisal FeeA fee charged by a licensed, certified appraiser to render an opinion of market value as of a specific date. This fee is paid to the outside appraisal company we engage to objectively determine the fair market value of your property. This fee varies based on the location and type of your property
Assessed ValueThe valuation placed upon a property by a public tax assessor for the purposes of taxation.
AssignmentThe transfer of ownership, rights, or interests in property by one person, the assignor, to another, the assignee.
Assignment Recording FeeIn many instances, after closing the lender transfers your loan to a specialized loan “servicer” who handles the collection of your monthly payments. The Assignment Fee covers the cost of recording this transfer at the local recording office.
AssumptionA method of selling real estate where the buyer of the property agrees to become responsible for the repayment of an existing loan on the property.
VA loans are usually allow another party to assume the loan.
Balloon MortgageBalloon mortgage loans are short-term fixed-rate loans with fixed monthly payments for a set number of years followed by one large final balloon payment for all of the remainder of the principal. Typically, the balloon payment may be due at the end of five, seven, or ten years. Borrowers with balloon loans may have the right to refinance the loan when the balloon payment is due, but the right to refinance is not guaranteed.
BankruptcyA proceeding in a federal court to relieve certain debts of a person or a business unable to pay its debts.
BeneficiaryA person named to receive a benefit from a trust. A contingent beneficiary has conditions attached to his rights, usually someone else must die first.
BequestA gift of personal property by will.
Blanket MortgageA mortgage that covers more than one parcel of real estate.
BrokerAn individual who brings buyers and sellers together and assists in negotiating contracts for a client.
Broker Processing FeeThe fee charged to you to have your file packaged and handed over to a selected lender. There is no broker involved in your Quicken Loans transaction; you deal with Quicken Loans from start to finish.
Buy-DownWhen the lender and/or the home builder subsidized the mortgage by lowering the interest rate during the first few years of the loan. While the payments are initially low, they will increase when the subsidy expires. Brokers usually charge a fee or receive a commission for their services.
Buyer's MarketMarket conditions that favor buyers. With more sellers than buyers in the market, sellers may be forced to make substantial price concessions.
Caps (interest)Consumer safeguards that limit the amount the interest rate on an adjustable rate mortgage can change in an adjustment interval and/or over the life of the loan. For example, if your per-period cap is 1% and your current rate is 7%, then your newly adjusted rate must fall between 6% and 8% regardless of actual changes in the index.
Caps (payment)Consumer safeguards that limit the amount monthly payments on an adjustable rate mortgage may change. Since they do not limit the amount of interest the lender is earning, these consumer safeguards may cause negative amortization.
Cash OutAny cash received when you get a new loan that is larger than the remaining balance of your current mortgage, based upon the equity you have already built up in the house. The cash out amount is calculated by subtracting the sum of the old loan and fees from the new mortgage loan. For example, if your existing loan is $100,000, you might refinance it with a loan of $120,000. After you pay off your current loan ($100,000) and any loan-origination costs for the new loan (for example $2,000 in points), you would be left with $18,000 cash out. Cash-out loans may not be available for all types of property.
Cash ReserveA requirement of many lenders that buyer have sufficient cash remaining after closing to make the first two mortgage payments.
Cashier's Check (or Bank Check)A check whose payment is guaranteed because it was paid for in advance and is drawn on the bank's account instead of the customer's.
CeilingThe maximum allowable interest rate of an adjustable rate mortgage.
Certificate of EligibilityDocument issued by the Veterans Administration to qualified veterans and that verifies a veteran's eligibility for a VA guaranteed loan. Obtainable through local VA office by submitting form DD-214 (Separation Paper) and VA form 1880 (request for Certificate of Eligibility).
Certificate of Reasonable Value (CRV)An appraisal issued by the Veterans Administration showing the property's current market value
Certificate of TitleWritten opinion of the status of title to a property, given by an attorney or title company. This certificate does not offer the protection given by title insurance.
Certificate of Veteran StatusFHA form filled out by the VA to establish a borrower's eligibility for an FHA Vet loan. Obtainable through local VA office by submitting form DD 214 (Separation Paper) with form 26-8261a (request for certificate of veteran status).
Chain of TitleThe chronological order of conveyance of a property from the original owner to the present owner.
Clear titleA title that is free of liens and legal questions as to ownership of the property.
Closing (or Settlement)The settlement or closing is the conclusion of your real estate transaction. It includes the delivery of your security instrument, signing of your legal documents and the disbursement of the funds necessary to the sale of your home or loan transaction (refinance).
Closing CostsAlso known as settlement costs, these costs are for services that must be performed to process and close your loan application. Examples include title fees, recording fees, appraisal fee, credit report fee, pest inspection, attorney's fees, taxes, and surveying fees..
CollateralAssets (such as your home) pledged as security for a debt.
CommissionMoney paid to a real estate agent or broker for negotiating a real estate or loan transaction.
CommitmentA promise to lend and a statement by the lender of the terms and conditions under which a loan is made.
ComparablesAn abbreviation for “comparable properties”; used for comparative purposes in the appraisal process. Comparables are properties like the property under consideration; they have reasonably the same size, location, and amenities and have recently been sold. Comparables help the appraiser determine the approximate fair market value of the subject property.
Compound InterestInterest which is calculated not only on the initial principal but also the accumulated interest of prior periods.
Comparative Market AnalysisAn informal estimate of market value that a real estate agent or broker calculates based on sales of comparable properties. An appraisal or a comparative market analysis are the most accurate ways to determine what your home is worth.
CondominiumA real estate project in which each unit owner holds title to a unit in a building, an undivided interest in the common areas of the project, and sometimes the exclusive use of certain limited common areas. The condominium may be attached or detached. The homeowners association dues are included in the total monthly mortgage payment for qualifying purposes.
Conforming LoanA mortgage loan that meets all requirements to be eligible for purchase by federal agencies such as Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. The maximum conforming loan amount is $300,700 for a one-unit property ($451,050 in Alaska, Hawaii and the Virgin Islands).
Consumer Reporting AgencyA company that regularly gathers, files and sells information to creditors to facilitate their decisions to extend credit.
Construction LoanA short term interim loan for financing the cost of construction. The lender advance funds to the builder at periodic intervals as the work progresses.
ContingencyA condition that must be satisfied before a contract is legally binding.
Contract of SaleThe agreement between the buyer and seller on the purchase price, terms and conditions of a sale.
Conventional LoanLoans that are not made under any government housing program; they are not subject to the restrictions of government housing programs, such as loan size limits.
Conversion ClauseA provision in some ARMs that allows you to change an ARM to a fixed-rate loan, usually after the first adjustment period. The new fixed rate will be set at current rates, and there may be a charge for the conversion feature.
Convertible ARMsA type of ARM loan with the option to convert to a fixed-rate loan during a given time period. ConveyanceThe document used to affect a transfer, such as a deed, or mortgage.
CovenantA written agreement or restriction on the use of land or promising certain acts. Homeowner Associations often enforce restrictive covenants governing architectural controls and maintenance responsibilities.However, land could be subject to restrictive covenants even if there is no homeowner's association
Credit BureauA credit bureau is a clearinghouse for credit history information. Credit grantors provide the bureau with factual information on how their credit customers pay their bills. The bureau regularly assembles this information, along with public record information obtained from courthouses around the country, into a “file” on each consumer.
Credit ReportA report detailing the credit history of a prospective borrower that's used to help determine borrower creditworthiness.
Credit ScoreA statistical method of assessing your creditworthiness. Your credit card history; amount of outstanding debt; the type of credit you use; negative information such as bankruptcies or late payments; collection accounts and judgments; too little credit history and too many credit lines with the maximum amount borrowed are all included in credit-scoring models to determine your credit score.
Debt-to-Income RatioThe ratio, expressed as a percentage, which results when a borrower's monthly payment obligation on long-term debts is divided by his or her net effective income (FHA/VA loans) or gross monthly income (conventional loans).
DeedLegal document with which title to real property is transferred from one owner to another. The deed contains a description of the property, and is signed, witnessed, and delivered to the buyer at closing.
Deed of Trust A legal document that conveys title to real property to a third party. The third party holds title until the owner of the property has repaid the debt in full.
DefaultFailure to meet legal obligations in a contract, including failure to make payments on a loan.
DelinquencyFailure to make payments as agreed in the loan agreement.
Down PaymentThe amount of your home's purchase price you need to supply up front in cash to get your loan. For conventional loans, you should strive for a down payment that's at least 20% of your home's value, since lenders generally do not require private mortgage insurance with a down payment of at least 20% of your home's purchase price. (Note, however, that FHA and VA loans have different policies regarding insurance.)
Due-on-Sale ClauseProvision in a mortgage or deed of trust allowing the lender to demand immediate payment of the loan balance upon sale of the property.
DuplexOwner occupied property for more than one family
Earnest MoneyDeposit made by a buyer towards the down payment in evidence of good faith when the purchase agreement is signed.
EncryptionThis is a procedure used in order to prevent anyone but the intended recipient from reading the data. There are many types of data encryption, and they are basis of network security. Common types include (Data Encryption Standard) and public-key encryption. Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA)Federal law requiring creditors to make credit equally available without discrimination based on race, color, religion, national origin, age, sex, marital status or receipt of income from public assistance programs. EquifaxOne of the three largest credit bureaus in the United States.
EquityThe difference between the current market value of a property and the total debt obligations against the property. On a new mortgage loan, the down payment represents the equity in the property.
EscrowA transaction in which a third party acts as the agent for seller and buyer, or for borrower and lender, in handling legal documents and disbursement of funds.
Escrow AccountAn account held by the lender to which the borrower pays monthly installments, collected as part of the monthly mortgage payment, for annual expenses such as taxes and insurance. The lender disburses escrow account funds on behalf of the borrower when they become due. Also known as Impound Account.
Estimated Closing FeesAn estimate of the fees that must be paid on or before the closing date by the buyer and/or seller for services, taxes and items necessary to obtain mortgage. These fees will average between 2% and 5% of the loan amount and vary by lender, property location, and type of mortgage.
ExperianOne of the three largest credit bureaus in the United States.
Fair, Isaac and Co.The company that invented credit-scoring software.
Fannie MaeThis agency buys loans that are underwritten to its specific guidelines. These guidelines are an industry standard for residential conventional lending.
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)Independent deposit insurance agency created by Congress to maintain stability and public confidence in the nation's banking system. Federal Housing Administration (FHA)A federal agency within the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), which insures residential mortgage loans made by private lenders and sets standards for underwriting mortgage loans.
Fee SimpleAbsolute ownership of real property.
Federal Reserve BoardThe 7-member Board of Governors that oversees Federal Reserve Banks, establishes monetary policy (interest rates, credit, etc.), and monitors the economic health of the country. Its members are appointed by the President subject to Senate confirmation, and serve 14-year terms. also called the Fed.
FICOThe most common credit-scoring model used by lenders, it is also known as a Fair, Isaac score. Your FICO can range from 200 to 900. According to this model, the higher your score, the less likely you are to default on your loan.
Filing FeesThe amount charged by public officials in your area for recording your mortgage and other documents.
Finance ChargeYour finance charge is the total of all the interest you would pay over the entire life of the loan, assuming you kept the loan to maturity, as well as all prepaid finance charges. If you pre-pay any principal during your loan, your monthly payments remain the same, but your total finance charge will be reduced.
First MortgageA mortgage that is in first lien position, taking priority over all other liens. In the case of a foreclosure, the first mortgage will be repaid before any other mortgages.
Fixed RateAn interest rate that is fixed for the term of the loan.
FloatUntil you request to secure a lender's quoted interest rate, the interest rate will continue to change, or float, due to market fluctuations. Locking or securing a rate protects you from these potential fluctuations from the time your lock is confirmed to the day your lock period expires. You may choose to float your rate up until the time your lender contacts you to schedule your closing. At this time, an interest rate must be secured in order to prepare your closing documents.
Flood InsuranceInsurance that compensates for physical damage to a property by flood. Typically not covered under standard hazard insurance.
Flood Life of Loan CoverageFlood zone determinations may change from time to time. The “Life of Loan Coverage” fee allows us to track any changes in your property's flood zone status over the life of your loan.
ForbearanceThe act by the lender of refraining from taking legal action on a mortgage loan that is delinquent.
This agency buys loans that are underwritten to its specific guidelines. These guidelines are an industry standard for residential conventional lending.
Good Faith EstimateWritten estimate of the settlement costs the borrower will likely have to pay at closing. Under the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA), The lender is required to provide this disclosure to the borrower within three days of receiving a loan application.
Grace PeriodPeriod of time during which a loan payment may be made after its due date without incurring a late penalty. The grace period is specified as part of the terms of the loan in the Note.
Guideline RatiosThere are two guideline ratios used to qualify you for a mortgage. The first is called the front-end ratio, or top ratio, and is calculated by dividing your new total monthly mortgage payment by your gross monthly income. Typically, this ratio should not exceed 28%. The second is called the back-end, or bottom ratio, and is equal to your new total monthly mortgage payment plus your total monthly debt divided by your gross monthly income. Typically, this ratio should not exceed 36%.
Homeowners InsuranceJust as you insure your automobile to protect against theft and damage, you insure your home. Homeowners insurance is required by all lenders to protect their investment, and must be obtained before closing. In most cases, coverage must be equal to the loan balance, or the value of the home.
Impound AccountAlso known as an Escrow Account it is an account held by the lender to which the borrower pays monthly installments, collected as part of the monthly mortgage payment, for annual expenses such as taxes and insurance. The lender disburses impound account funds on behalf of the borrower when they become due.
IndexMost lenders generally tie adjustable rate mortgage loan (ARM) interest rate changes to an “index.” An index is a widely published rate such as LIBOR, T-Bill, or 11th District Cost of Funds (COFI). Lenders use these indices to establish the interest rates charged on mortgage loans. For ARMs, a predetermined margin is added to the index to compute the interest rate adjustment.
Initial CapConsumer safeguard that limits the amount the interest rate on an adjustable rate mortgage can change during the first adjustment period. See Caps.
Initial RateThe rate charged during the first interval of an ARM loan.
InsuranceThe type of insurance(s) required for your loan. Private mortgage insurance may also be required in addition to what is indicated.
InterestCharge paid for borrowing money.
Interest RateThe annual rate of interest on the loan, expressed as a percentage of 100.
Interest Rate CapConsumer safeguards that limit the amount the interest rate on an ARM loan can change in an adjustment interval and/or over the life of the loan. For example, if your per-period cap is 1% and your current rate is 7%, then your newly adjusted rate must fall between 6% and 8% regardless of actual changes in the index.
Interest Rate DisclosureA description of the conditions applicable to the processing of your loan as well as the terms of your interest rate agreement with Quicken Loans.
Joint LiabilityLiability shared among two or more people, each of whom is liable for the full debt.
Joint TenancyA form of ownership of property giving each person equal interest in the property, including rights of survivorship.
Jumbo LoanA mortgage larger than the limits set by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac as shown below: Lower 48 States 1 unit $322,700; 2 unit $413,100; 3 unit $499,300; 4 unit $620,500; Alaska and Hawaii 1 unit $484,050; 2 unit $619,650; 3 unit $748,950; 4 unit $930,750. Junior MortgageA mortgage subordinate to the claim of a prior lien or mortgage. In the case of a foreclosure, a senior mortgage or lien will be paid first.
Late ChargePenalty paid by a borrower when a payment is made after the due date. Lender The bank, mortgage company, or mortgage broker offering the loan.
Lender FeesLender Fees are fees paid to the lender.
Lender Processing FeeThe lender processing fee covers the cost of analyzing your loan application and compiling and packaging the necessary supporting documentation to close your loan.
LIBOR (London Interbank Offered Rate)The interest rate charged among banks in the foreign market for short-term loans to one another-a common index for ARM loans.
LienA legal claim by one person on the property of another for security for payment of a debt.
Lifetime (or Overall) CapConsumer safeguard that limits the amount the interest rate on an adjustable rate mortgage loan (ARM) can change over the life of the loan.
Loan ApplicationAn initial statement of personal and financial information required to apply for a loan.
Loan Application FeeFee charged by a lender to cover the initial costs of processing a loan application. The fee may include the cost of obtaining a property appraisal, a credit report, and a lock-in fee or other closing costs incurred during the process or the fee may be in addition to these charges.
Loan Origination FeeFee charged by a lender to cover administrative costs of processing a loan.
Loan TermThe period of time between the closing date and the date of your last payment is paid.
Lock or Lock-InA lender's guarantee of an interest rate for a set period of time-usually between loan application approval and loan closing. The lock-in protects you against rate increases during that time.
Manufactured Home A factory assembled residence built in units or sections that are transported to a permanent site and erected on a foundation.
MarginThe percentage difference between the index for a particular loan and the interest rate charged. This is a number predetermined by the lender.
Maximum Cash OutThe maximum amount of money you are allowed to get back from your mortgage transaction based on the loan information provided and the amount of equity you have in your home.
Maximum Monthly PaymentAs part of your Mortgage approval, you are given a maximum monthly payment for which you qualify based on the information you provided. This maximum payment is inclusive of the four major components of a typical mortgage payment: taxes, insurance, loan principal and interest.
Monthly Mortgage PaymentA monthly mortgage payment typically contains four parts called the PITI (principal, interest, taxes, and insurance). If you pay your taxes and insurance on your own, you pay only principal and interest to your lender.
Monthly Principal and Interest (P&I) PaymentPrincipal and interest is the dollar portion to repay the loan. All interest that occurs is calculated on the current balance owing. The principal reduces the remaining balance of a mortgage.
MortgageA legal document by which real property is pledged as security for the repayment of a loan.
Mortgage BankerAn individual or company that originates and/or services mortgage loans. Usually works directly for the bank. For instance mortgage officer who works for wellfargo and in turn only sells wellsfargo mortgage products.
Mortgage BrokerAn individual or company that arranges financing for borrowers that represents a number of lenders. A mortgage broker can sell Bank of America, wellsfargo and chase mortgage products. They act a broker between the bank and the borrower.
They are not handicapped with only one loan product like a banker is.
Mortgage InsuranceInsurance to protect the lender in case you default on your loan. With conventional loans, mortgage insurance is generally not required if you make a down payment of at least 20% of the home's appraised value. (Note, however, that FHA and VA loans have different insurance guidelines.)
Mortgage LoanA loan for which real estate serves as collateral to provide for repayment in case of default.
Mortgage NoteLegal document obligating a borrower to repay a loan at a stated interest rate during a specified period of time. The agreement is secured by a mortgage or deed of trust or other security instrument.
Mortgage TermThe length of time given to repay the loan.
MortgageeThe lender in a mortgage loan transaction.
MortgagorThe borrower in a mortgage loan transaction.
Negative AmortizationA loan payment schedule in which the outstanding principal balance of a loan goes up rather than down because the payments do not cover the full amount of interest due. The monthly shortfall in payment is added to the unpaid principal balance of the loan.
Non-Assumption ClauseA statement in a mortgage contract forbidding the assumption of the mortgage by another borrower without the prior approval of the lender.
NoteLegal document obligating a borrower to repay a loan at a stated interest rate during a specified period of time. The agreement is secured by a mortgage or deed of trust or other security instrument.
Notice of DefaultWritten notice to a borrower that a default has occurred and that legal action may be taken.
Origination FeeFee charged by a lender to cover administrative costs of processing a loan.
PasswordA password is a special code made up of letters and numbers that will allow you, and only you, to gain access to your personal account information. The best passwords combine letters (both upper and lower case) and numbers. It is best not to use your address, names of friends or family members, or other easily accessed or guessed words.
Payment CapConsumer safeguards that limit the amount monthly payments on an adjustable-rate mortgage may change. Since they do not limit the amount of interest the lender is earning, they may cause negative amortization.
Payment ScheduleThe method for disclosing your payment schedule varies by loan type. For fixed-rate loans, the payment schedule indicates what your required monthly payment will be throughout the life of your loan. The payment schedule for VA, FHA, one-time MIP and uninsured conventional loans should also indicate a fixed monthly payment. The payment schedule for fixed-rate insured loans may gradually decrease over time due to a declining insurance premium. For adjustable rate loans, the payment schedules will vary by loan type and are based on conservative assumptions of future interest rates.
Per Diem InterestInterest calculated per day. (Depending on the day of the month on which closing takes place, you will have to pay interest from the date of closing to the end of the month. Your first mortgage payment will probably be due the first day of the following month.)
Periodic CapConsumer safeguard that limits the amount the interest rate on an adjustable rate mortgage (ARM) can change in an adjustment interval. Caps.
Planned Unit Development (PUD)A planned unit development (PUD) is a project or subdivision that consists of common property and improvements that are owned and maintained by an owner's association for the benefit and use of the individual units within the project. For a project to qualify as a PUD, the owners' association must require automatic, non-severable membership for each individual unit owner, and provide for mandatory assessments.
Power of AttorneyLegal document that authorizes one person to act on behalf of another.
Pre-approvalThe process of determining how much money a prospective homebuyer or refinancer will be eligible to borrow prior to application for a loan. A pre-approval includes a preliminary screening of a borrower's credit history. Information submitted during pre-approval is subject to verification at application.
Prepaid ExpensesTaxes, insurance and assessments paid in advance of their due dates. These expenses are included at closing.
Prepaid InterestInterest that is paid in advance of when it is due. Typically charged to a borrower at closing to cover interest on the loan between the closing date and the first payment date.
PrepaymentFull or partial repayment of the principal before the contractual due date.
Prepayment PenaltyA prepayment penalty is a fee that is charged if the loan is paid off earlier than the specified term of the loan. Depending on your loan program and applicable state law, you may or may not incur a prepayment penalty. Contact your loan officer for specific information.
Private Mortgage Insurance (PMI)Insurance to protect the lender in case you default on your loan. With conventional loans, mortgage insurance is generally not required if you make a down payment of at least 20% of the home's purchase price. (Note, however, that FHA and VA loans have different insurance guidelines.)
Property TaxesThe taxes assessed on the property by the local government (e.g. city, county, village or township) for the various services provided to the property owner. Such services may include police and fire department services, garbage pick up and snow removal.
Purchase AgreementContract signed by buyer and seller stating the terms and conditions under which a property will be sold.
Real Financing CostThe real financing cost is a consumer-oriented rate that takes into account specific costs, fees, potential rate changes and the projected amount of time you will have the loan. The fees and costs are distributed over the time you plan to be in the house, allowing you to do an apples-to-apples comparison of a variety of loan types. The real financing cost is not the APR. The APR assumes that you keep your loan for the entire term (e.g. 30 years for a 30-year fixed loan) and includes only some of your loan fees. The total financing cost takes into account all of your closing costs associated with your loan and also how long you plan to be in your house.
Real PropertyLand and any improvements permanently affixed to it, such as buildings.
RecordingThe act of entering documents concerning title to a property into the public records.
Rent FreeIf you are living with a relative or friend without paying rent, this is considered “rent free.”
Requested Cash OutThe amount of money you requested to get back from your mortgage transaction. Remember, your closing costs and escrows will be subtracted from this amount.
Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA)A federal law that gives consumers the right to review information about loan settlement costs after you apply for a loan and again at loan settlement. The law obliges lenders to provide these settlement costs only after application.
Right to RescissionUnder the provisions of the Truth-in-Lending Act, the borrower's right, on certain kinds of loans, to cancel the loan within three days of signing a mortgage.
Sales AgreementContract signed by buyer and seller stating the terms and conditions under which a property will be sold.
Second MortgageAn additional mortgage placed on a property that has rights that are subordinate to the first mortgage. A second mortgage is a lien in which you are given a lump sum amount that you pay off in installments over a specified period of time. Home improvement and debt consolidation loans are considered second mortgages.
SecurityThis refers to the address of the property being pledged as security for your loan.
Settlement (or Closing)The settlement or closing is the conclusion of your real estate transaction. It includes the delivery of your security instrument, signing of your legal documents and the disbursement of the funds necessary to the sale of your home or loan transaction (refinance).
Settlement CostsAlso known as closing costs, these costs are for services that must be performed to process and close your loan application. Examples include title fees, recording fees, appraisal fee, credit report fee, pest inspection, attorney's fees, taxes, and surveying fees.
Simple InterestThe interest calculated on a principal sum, not compounded on earned interest.
Single FamilyIt is a residence that houses one family.
Site CondominiumA detached single-family dwelling characterized as a site condominium by the way it is platted by the builder, however it is still considered a condominium.
Streamline RefinanceFHA has permitted streamline refinance loans on insured mortgages since the 1980's. The streamline refinance refers to the amount of documentation and underwriting that needs to be performed by the lender.
Structural ImprovementsA “Structural Improvement” is any permanent improvement made to your property that is not strictly for decorating purposes. Examples include: additions, new flooring, kitchen or bathroom upgrades, new windows and central air. Swimming pools are considered structural improvements only if they are in ground and your property is in a year round warm weather climate.
Subject PropertyThe home that you intend to obtain the mortgage on is called the subject property.
SurveyA mortgage survey is a bird's eye sketch of your property that shows the boundary lines of your lot, and details any encroachments between you and your neighbors.
Survey FeeThe survey fee covers the cost of the survey.
Sweat EquityValue added to a property in the form of labor or services by the owner rather than by cash.
Tax ImpoundMoney paid to and held by a lender for annual tax payments. Tax LienClaim against a property for unpaid taxes.
Tax SalePublic sale of property by a government authority as a result of non-payment of taxes.
Tax Service FeeIn some cases, we engage a third party to monitor and/or handle the payment of your property tax bills. The Tax Service Fee covers the cost of this service.
TermThe period of time which covers the life of the loan. For example, a 30 year fixed loan has a term of 30 years.
Third Party FeesFees paid to a third party for services requested by the lender on your behalf..
Title SearchExamination of local real estate records to ensure that the seller is the legal owner of a property and that there are no liens or other claims against the property.
Total PaymentsThis is the total amount you will have paid over the life of the loan for principal, interest and prepaid finance charges, assuming you keep the loan to maturity and made only the required monthly payments.
Trade LinesTrade lines are your different credit accounts listed on your credit report.
Trans UnionOne of the three largest credit bureaus in the United States.
Transfer TaxTax paid when title passes from one owner to another.
UnderwritingIn mortgage lending, the process of determining the risks involved in a particular loan and establishing suitable terms and conditions for the loan.
UsernameA unique sequence of characters including letters and numbers which is generated by Quicken Loans and used as identification when logging on to My Quicken Loans. It is required to give you exclusive access to the status of your loan and your loan documents online.
Verification of Deposit (VOD)Document signed by the borrower's bank or other financial institution verifying the borrower's account balance and history.
Verification of Employment (VOE)Document signed by the borrower's employer verifying the borrower's position and salary.
WaiverVoluntary relinquishment or surrender of some right or privilege.
Walk-throughA final inspection of a home to check for problems that may need to be corrected before closing.